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Criminal Justice Reform

The biblical ideal of justice emphasizes right relationship with God, oneself, individuals, and the entire community.


An art installation outside the United Methodist Building highlighting the cradle to prison pipeline.

We live in a world marred by brokenness and sin. In addition to the systems of oppression that damage society, we often miss the mark and harm one another. Sometimes our actions lead to hurt feelings. Sometimes the effects of our actions are far worse.

When one harms another, relationships break down, both with one another and with God. The victims of crime need healing. Those who commit crimes must be held accountable for their actions and given the opportunity to return to their full place in the community.

A justice system that reflects God’s desires for the world is one that is healing and restorative.

United Methodist Book of Resolutions, 5031

Justice is needed the world over. However, we rarely see its proper implementation. Systems of justice based on retribution further harm society. Seeking to punish rather than heal, they breed more brokenness. Racism, sexism, classism and other oppressions distort law and order. Justice systems marked by these characteristics inhibit community. They deny the sacred worth of all people. They are not just.

The system of justice God desires for us focuses on healing and restoration. It heals the wounds of the victims, addresses the wrongs of the perpetrator, and restores society to wholeness. The biblical ideal of justice emphasizes right relationship with God, oneself, individuals, and the entire community.

What the Bible and The United Methodist Church Say:

The Bible has a lot to say about justice. How we live together and treat each other, particularly when one has harmed another, is a central theme.

The Bible says a criminal justice system should be:

  • • Accessible to all (Deuteronomy 1:17)
  • • Impartial (Exodus 23:1-3)
  • • Honest (Exodus 23:7)
  • • Of integrity (Exodus 23:6, 8)
  • • Fair to all without regard to status (Leviticus 19:15)
  • • Humane and restorative to prisoners (Lamentations 3:34-36)

The United Methodist Church says, “A justice system that reflects God’s desires for the world is one that is healing and restorative.” (Book of Resolutions, 5031)

The church supports “measures designed to remove social conditions that lead to crime, and we encourage continued positive interaction between law enforcement officials and members of the community at large.” (Social Principles, ¶164.H)

“In the love of Christ, who came to save those who are lost and vulnerable, we urge the creation of a genuinely new system for the care and restoration of victims, offenders, criminal justice officials, and the community as a whole.” (Social Principles, ¶164.H)

Three Things You Can Do:

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